Males with low testosterone

Researcher L. David Mech , one of the primary creators of the Alpha male hypothesis for wolves, later found additional evidence that the concept of an Alpha male may have been an erroneous interpretation of incomplete data and formally disavowed this terminology in 1999. He explained that it was heavily based on the behavior of captive packs consisting of unrelated individuals, an error reflecting the once prevailing view that wild pack formation occurred in winter among independent gray wolves. Later research on wild gray wolves revealed that the pack is usually a family consisting of a breeding pair and its offspring of the previous 1–3 years. [16]

Males with low testosterone

males with low testosterone

Media:

males with low testosteronemales with low testosteronemales with low testosteronemales with low testosteronemales with low testosterone