In a 2011 randomized controlled study, researchers recruited 54 healthy men whose mean 25(OH)D levels were in the deficiency range for a year-long intervention. They divided the subjects into two groups. The first group of 23 men had an average serum 25(OH)D of nmol/L and took a daily placebo. The second group of 31 men had an average serum 25(OH)D of nmol/L and took a daily 3332-IU vitamin D supplement. After the trial was finished, the researchers observed a significant increase in total testosterone from nmol/L to nmol/L in the supplement group. 19 In contrast, there were hardly any changes in testosterone concentrations in the placebo group. 19 These findings suggest that men deficient in vitamin D who take a proper vitamin D supplement may fix low levels of low testosterone.
If a young man's low testosterone is a problem for a couple trying to get pregnant , gonadotropin injections may be an option in some cases. These are hormones that signal the body to produce more testosterone. This may increase the sperm count. Hedges also describes implantable testosterone pellets, a relatively new form of treatment in which several pellets are placed under the skin of the buttocks, where they release testosterone over the course of about three to four months. Injections and nasal gels may be other options for some men.
Testosterone is a hormone produced in the male testes. During a boy's pubescent years (ages 9 to 14), there is an increase in production that leads to male secondary sexual characteristics such as a deeper voice, more muscle mass, facial hair growth and enlargement of the Adam's apple (among others). Some teenage boys experience these puberty changes at later ages than others. The timing of puberty is often genetically determined (through heredity), but other factors can play a role in delaying it, such as poor nutrition, physical trauma and certain diseases. Stimulating testosterone production naturally is possible in teen boys, although in rare cases hormone therapy may be needed to trigger and complete puberty.